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Religious affiliation

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Religious affiliation

Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values. While religion is hard to define, one standard model of religion, used in religious studies courses, was proposed by Clifford Geertz, who simply called it a "cultural system".[1] A critique of Geertz's model by Talal Asad categorized religion as "an anthropological category".[2] Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe. They tend to derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world

The word religion is sometimes used interchangeably with faith or belief system, but religion differs from private belief in that it has a public aspect. Most religions have organized behaviors, including clerical hierarchies, a definition of what constitutes adherence or membership, congregations of laity, regular meetings or services for the purposes of veneration of a deity or for prayer, holy places (either natural or architectural), and/or scriptures. The practice of a religion may also include sermons, commemoration of the activities of a god or gods, sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trance, initiations, funerary services, matrimonial services, meditation, music, art, dance, public service, or other aspects of human culture.

Some academics studying the subject have divided religions into three broad categories: world religions, a term which refers to transcultural, international faiths; indigenous religions, which refers to smaller, culture-specific or nation-specific religious groups; and new religious movements, which refers to recently developed faiths.[3] One modern academic theory of religion, social constructionism, says that religion is a modern concept that suggests all spiritual practice and worship follows a model similar to the Abrahamic religions as an orientation system that helps to interpret reality and define human beings,[4] and thus religion, as a concept, has been applied inappropriately to non-Western cultures that are not based upon such systems, or in which these systems are a substantially simpler construct.

Abrahamic religions

Main article: Abrahamic religions

A group of monotheistic traditions sometimes grouped with one another for comparative purposes, because all refer to a patriarch named Abraham.

Babism

Main article: Bábism

Bahá'í Faith

Main article: Bahá'í Faith

Christianity

Main article: Christianity

Catholicism
Main article: Catholic Church
Protestantism
Main article: Protestantism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Other Eastern Churches

Other groups

Druze

Main article: Druze

Gnosticism

Main article: Gnosticism

Persian Gnosticism
Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism

Islam

Main article: Islam

Kalam Schools
Main article: Kalam
Kharijite
Main article: Kharijite
Shia Islam
Main article: Shia Islam
Sufism
Main article: Sufism
Sunni Islam
Main article: Sunni Islam
Quraniyoon
Main article: Quranism
Black Muslims
Ahmadiyya
Other Islamic Groups

Judaism

Main article: Judaism

Rabbinic Judaism
Main article: Rabbinic Judaism
Karaite Judaism
Main article: Karaite Judaism
Falasha or Beta Israel
Modern Non-Rabbinic Judaism
Historical groups

Rastafari movement

Main article: Rastafari movement

Black Hebrew Israelites

Mandaeans and Sabians

Main articles: Mandaeism and Sabians

Samaritanism

Main article: Samaritanism

Shabakism

Main article: Shabak people

Indian religions

Main article: Indian religions

Indian religions, also known as dharmic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism and religions and traditions related to, and descended from, them.

Ayyavazhi

Main article: Ayyavazhi

Bhakti movement

Main article: Bhakti movement

Buddhism

Main article: Schools of Buddhism

Din-i-Ilahi

  • Din-i-Ilahi

Hinduism

Major schools and movements of Hindu philosophy
Main article: Hindu philosophy

Jainism

Main article: Jainism

Meivazhi

Sikhism

Main article: Sikhism

Iranian religions

Main article: Iranian religions

Manichaeism

Mazdakism

Mithraism

Yazdânism

Main article: Yazdânism

Zoroastrianism / Parsi

Main article: Zoroastrianism

East Asian religions

Main article: East Asian religions

Confucianism

Main article: Confucianism

Shinto

Main articles: Shinto and Shinto sects and schools

Taoism

Main article: Taoism

Other

African diasporic religions

African diasporic religions are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of the Caribbean Islands and Latin America, as well as parts of the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions, especially of West and Central Africa, showing similarities to the Yoruba religion in particular.

Indigenous traditional religions

Traditionally, these faiths have all been classified "Pagan", but scholars prefer the terms "indigenous/primal/folk/ethnic religions".

African

Main article: African traditional religions
West Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
Southern Africa

American

Main article: Native American mythology

Eurasian

Asian
European

Oceania/Pacific

Cargo cults

Main article: Cargo cults

Historical polytheism

Template:See

Ancient Near Eastern

Main article: Ancient Near Eastern religions

Indo-European

Hellenistic

Main article: Hellenistic religion

Mysticism and Occult

Esotericism and mysticism

Main articles: Esotericism and Mysticism

Occult and magic

Main articles: Occultism and Magic (paranormal)

Neopaganism

Main article: Paganism (contemporary)

Syncretic

Ethnic

New religious movements

Creativity

New Thought

Main article: New Thought

Shinshukyo

Main article: Shinshūkyō

Left-hand path religions

Fictional religions

Parody or mock religions

Others

Other categorisations

By demographics

By area

Template:See

See also

References

External links

  • Statistics on religious belief or adherence
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