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Roger Griffin

Roger Griffin at Oxford Brookes University

Roger D. Griffin (born 31 January 1948) is a British professor of modern history and political theorist at Oxford Brookes University, England. His principal interest is the socio-historical and ideological dynamics of fascism, as well as various forms of political or religious fanaticism.

Contents

  • Education and career 1
  • Research 2
  • Selected works 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Education and career

Griffin obtained a First in French and German Literature from Oxford University, then began teaching History of Ideas at Oxford Polytechnic (now Oxford Brookes). Becoming interested in the study of extremist right-wing movements and regimes which have shaped modern history, he obtained a PhD from Oxford University in 1990. In his PhD thesis he first developed his theory of fascism.[1] His best known work is The Nature of Fascism (1991).

Research

Griffin's theory of fascism suggests that a Europeanized world, though it remains highly marginalized compared with the central place it occupied in inter-war Europe.

Griffin's approach, though still highly contested in some quarters, has had an enduring impact on the comparative fascist literature of the last 15 years, and builds on the work of Stanley Payne, and Emilio Gentile in highlighting the revolutionary and totalizing politico-cultural nature of the fascist revolution (in marked contrast with Marxist approaches). His book Modernism and Fascism locates the mainspring of the fascist drive for national rebirth in the modernist bid to achieve an alternative modernity, which is driven by a rejection of the decadence of 'actually existing modernity' under liberal democracy or tradition. The fascist attempt to institute a different civilization and a new temporality in the West found its most comprehensive expression in the 'modernist states' of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler.

His most recent research has been on terrorism. In his Terrorist's Creed: Fanatical Violence and the Human Need for Meaning he studies the origins and motivations behind terrorism. He compares the origins of terrorism to the extremes of the Nazis in the 1930s, noting that "fanatics" separate the world into good and evil, and then undergo "heroic doubling" where they see themselves as warriors in the battle between good and evil.[2]

He has also translated works by Norberto Bobbio and Ferruccio Rossi-Landi.

Selected works

References

  1. ^ "Roger Griffin". Faculty page at Oxford Brookes University. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Maggs, Charles (29 October 2012). "Interview: Professor Roger Griffin". politics.co.uk. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 

External links

  • Faculty page at Oxford Brookes University
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