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Savoy Records

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Savoy Records

USA Savoy disc of the 1940s

Savoy Records is a United States record label specializing in jazz, black gospel, soul, R&B, and blues music. Savoy played an important part in popularizing the jazz subgenre of bebop beginning in the mid-1940s.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Discography 2
  • Subsidiaries 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

History

Savoy was founded in 1942 by Herman Lubinsky. The Newark, New Jersey label issued many of the important early bebop albums. With the rise of rock and roll in the 1950s, Lubinsky concentrated more on African-American gospel music, recording many groups of that decade and establishing Savoy's preeminence in the black gospel recording industry through its association with James Cleveland and his Gospel Music Workshop of America.

In the early 1960s, Savoy recorded a number of avant-garde jazz artists, giving them important early exposure. These included Paul Bley, Ed Curran, Bill Dixon, Marc Levin, Charles Moffett, Perry Robinson, Joseph Scianni, Archie Shepp, Sun Ra, Marzette Watts, and Valdo Williams.

After Lubinsky's death in 1974, Clive Davis (then manager of Arista Records) acquired Savoy's catalog. In 1986, Malaco Records acquired Savoy's black gospel titles and contracts.[1] In 2003, Savoy Jazz acquired the rights to the Muse and Landmark catalogs from 32 Jazz.[2] As of 2012, the Savoy library is primarily controlled by Nippon Columbia, a Tokyo, Japan-based public company that purchased Savoy in 1991. Nippon Columbia's wholly owned subsidiary, Savoy Jazz, handled Savoy Records distribution in the United States until 2009, when it entered a distribution arrangement with Warner Music Group.[3]

Many of the label's African-American artists begrudged the label's founder, Herman Lubinsky, feeling grossly underpaid for their work. Tiny Price, a journalist for the African-American newspaper The Newark Herald News, said of Savoy and Lubinsky:

There's no doubt everybody hated Herman Lubinsky. If he messed with you, you were messed. At the same time, some of those people—many of them Newark's top singers and musicians—would never have been exposed to records if he didn't do what he did. Except for Lubinsky, all the hot little numbers, like Buddy Johnson's "Cherry," would have been lost. The man may have been hated, but he saved a lot of our history—for us and for future generations.[4]

Savoy's artistic directors have included Buck Ram, Teddy Reig, Ralph Bass (1948‒52), Fred Mendelsohn (1953), and Ozzie Cadena (1954‒62, father of punk rock musician, Dez Cadena).

Discography

The following are 12" LPs and have the prefix MG.

Subsidiaries

  • Acorn Records (1949‒51)
  • Gospel Records (1958‒early 1970s)
  • Regent Records (1947‒64)
  • Sharp Records (1960‒64)

See also

References

  1. ^ Bowman, Rob (2004). "The Malaco Story". Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Porter, Christopher (16 January 2003). "Savoy Acquires Muse & Landmark Catalogs".  
  3. ^ "WEA Announces Exclusive Distribution Agreement With Legendary Savoy Label Group" (Press release). New York: Warner Music Group. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Kukla, Barbara J. (1991). Swing City: Newark Nightlife 1925–50. Temple University Press. p. 158.  

Further reading

  • Ruppli, Michel; Porter, Bob (1980). The Savoy label: a discography. Discographies, no. 2. Greenwood Press.  

External links

  • Official website
  • SavoyJazz.com
  • Savoy Records Discography Project at JAZZDISCO.org
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