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The Western Lands

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Title: The Western Lands  
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Subject: William S. Burroughs, The Place of Dead Roads, Cities of the Red Night, Members Only (The Sopranos), A Diamond Hidden in the Mouth of a Corpse
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The Western Lands

The Western Lands
1987 Viking Press hardcover edition.
Author William S. Burroughs
Country United States
Language English
Series Cities of the Red Night trilogy
Genre Novel
Publisher Viking Press
Publication date
Media type Print (Hardcover and Paperback)
Pages 258 pp
OCLC 15790818
813/.54 19
LC Class PS3552.U75 W47 1987
Preceded by The Place of Dead Roads

The Western Lands by William S. Burroughs, published in 1987, is a novel which is the final part of the trilogy that begins with Cities of the Red Night and The Place of Dead Roads. The title refers to the western bank of the Nile River, which in Egyptian mythology is the Land of the Dead. Inspired by the Egyptian Book of the Dead, it explores the after-death state by means of dream scenarios, hallucinatory passages, talismanic magic, occultism, superstition, and Burroughs’ characteristic view of the nature of reality.

The prose is notable in that it shifts back and forth between Burroughs' characters and episodes clearly drawn from his own life. Scenes that are unmistakably auto-biographical include vignettes where Burroughs takes out evidence of amphetamine prescription bottles his mother gave him to sink with a large stone at the bottom of Lake Worth, Florida. The bottles were evidence his mother found in her grandson’s, Burroughs' own son's, bedroom. While Burroughs is ankle deep in the water, his aged mother is stalling police investigators in her home. Yet the novel also dives backwards into ancient history, giving the plot a perspective on death that attempts to transcend Christian theology. Burroughs acknowledges being inspired by Norman Mailer’s Ancient Evenings, an expansive novel published in 1983 about ancient Egypt set a thousand years before Christianity. Nevertheless, there are unmistakable references to contemporary culture, for instance Mick Jagger appears in some episodes.

Despite the narrative challenge of the historical framework, the novel is often regarded as Burroughs' best late work and a gratifying culminating episode of the Cities trilogy. According to [3]


Bill Laswell's Material collaborated with Burroughs to produce the 1989 album Seven Souls, wherein Burroughs recites passages exclusively from this book to musical accompaniment. The album was reissued in 1997 with 3 bonus remixes. In 1998, an additional unreleased six remixes (plus one previously released) were introduced on the album The Road To The Western Lands.


  1. ^ Guardian Unlimited. "Books" William S. Burroughs. The Guardian and Media Limited 2007. (Accessed 12 May 2007).
  2. ^ Baumbach, Jonathan (January 3, 1988), "Joe the Dead Seeks Immortality", New York Times 
  3. ^ Morgan, Ted (1988), Literary Outlaw: The Life and Times of William S. Burroughs, H. Holt,  

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