World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tiruchengodu

Article Id: WHEBN0027993503
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tiruchengodu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tamil Nadu, Bhairava, Kattipalayam, List of temples in Tamil Nadu
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tiruchengodu

Tiruchengode
Thiruchengode
municipality
Tiruchengode
Tiruchengode
Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 11°22′49.8″N 77°53′42.45″E / 11.380500°N 77.8951250°E / 11.380500; 77.8951250Coordinates: 11°22′49.8″N 77°53′42.45″E / 11.380500°N 77.8951250°E / 11.380500; 77.8951250

Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Namakkal
Elevation 230 m (750 ft)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 637(xxx)
Telephone code 91-(0)4288
Vehicle registration TN-34

Thiruchengode is a city and municipality located in Namakkal District, in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The famous Ardhanareeswarar (see Ardhanarishvara) hill temple (one of the 64 manifestations of Lord Shiva, representing the unity of Shiva and Parvati) is situated in Tiruchengode. This ancient temple is mentioned in the Tamil work Silapathikaram as Neduvelkunru. It is also famous for Chenkottu Velavar (Lord Muruga) Temple, which is situated in the same hill.

History

In ancient days, Tiruchengode was known as Thirukodimaadachenkundrur - one of the historic places in Tamil Nadu. It was also known as Thiruchengottankudi Nageswaram. It enshrines the Ardhanareeswarar (man-woman) manifestation of Shiva, representing the unity of Shiva and Parvati, is enshrined in this revered hill temple of great significance, accessible by a motorable road; this is an ancient temple mentioned in the Tamil work, Silappadikaram as Neduvelkunru. The red color of the hill is the reason that it was called Chengode. The image above, shows the view of the surrounding area from the top of the Tiruchengode hill. This temple is regarded as the 4th of the 7 Tevara Stalams in the Kongu Region of Tamil Nadu.

  • It is believed that Kannagi (Silappathikaram), after demolishing the city of Madurai by fire is called to Sorgam (Heaven) by her husband Kovalan and is in a wrath at the peak of the Tiruchengode hill.
  • The modern history of Tiruchengode includes many memorable events. Eminent leaders like Rajaji, EVR Periar, T.M.Kaliyannan Gounder and EVK Sampath are bound to this town.
  • Tiruchengode has the pride of having the country's first Gandhi Ashram a tribute to our nation's great leader Mahatma Gandhi and opened by our country's then viceroy Rajaji (Rajagopalachari).

Location

Tiruchengode is in south India in the state of Tamil Nadu, approximately 20 km from the City of Erode, 46 km from Salem, and 36 km from Namakkal.

Economy

Tiruchengode has a more industry oriented occupation rather than agriculture. Agriculture is not done here on a large scale due to lack of abundant water supply as it is solely dependent on the Cauvery river that flows near Pallipalayam, Erode and also dependant on the occasional rains. The major industries here are Rig Spares, Power Looms and Textile Industries, Bus and Lorry Body Building, Lathe Industry, Rice Mills,Granite Factory etc. Tiruchengode is well known for its Rig (Borewell) Lorries. Tiruchengode can be called "The Borewell Hub of India" as it manufactures the largest number of Borewell Vehicles operated in India.

Demographics

As of the census of India 2001, Thiruchengode had a population of 80,187 comprising 40,780 males and 39,407 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 966. A total of 8,685 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 918. The town had an average literacy of 79.67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 7,705 comprising 10.78% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 78 comprising 0.11% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 20,472 households in the town. As of 2001, Thiruchengode had a total of 34,560 main workers: 474 cultivators, 677 agricultural labourers, 2,055 in house hold industries and 31,354 other workers. There was a total of 1,151 marginal workers: 22 marginal cultivators, 92 marginal agricultural labourers, 186 marginal workers in household industries and 851 other marginal workers.[1]

District profile

  • This city has various other names like Nagasalam, Panimalai, Kodhai Malai, Aravakiri, Vayu Malai, Kongumalai, Nagagiri, Vandhimalai, Siddharmalai, Didya and still more.
  • It is a part of Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu. Kongu Nadu includes in it 24 villages, out of which Poondhurai, a sub-urb of Erode city is one of the important pilgrimage centre. West of Cauvery is Melakarai Pundhurai and East of Cauvery is Kilakarai Pundhurai. Kilakarai Pundhurai is famously known as Thiruchengodu.
  • The word "Thiruchengodu" means beautiful, steeped hill in Tamil Language.
  • Tiruchengodu is famous for its hill and the temple on the top.
  • Ancient and historical Thiruchengodu is crowned with Mummurthies named Arthanareeswar, Chengodu Velan and Athikesava Perumal.
  • The average annual rainfall is around 950mm. The altitude is about 150–200 metres msl

The Temples

  • Ardhanareeswarar, one of the 64 manifestations of Shiva, representing the unity of Shiva and Parvati, is enshrined in this revered hill temple of great significance, accessible by a motorable road. This temple is regarded as the 4th of the 7 Tevara Stalams in the Kongu Region of Tamilnadu.
Ancient walls, mandapams and sculptured pillars (now in a state of disrepair) add to the awe that this temple perpetuates, on top of the hill. The motorway and the renovated Rajagopuram are of recent origin. True to the name Nagagiri, there is a 60 ft long snake carved on the hill.
Although the sanctum faces the West, entrance to it is from the South. A majestic image of Ardanareeswarar adorns the sanctum. There is a water spring at the foot of the image which is said to have been divinely manifested (Uli Padaa Uruvam). There are inscriptions here from the times of Parantaka Chola, Gangaikonda Chola, the Vijayanagar and Mysore Kings and the Nayaks.
kannagi after burning madurai finally reached thiruchengode hill and she was taken by pushpak viman and went to heaven. and kannagi vizhla is celebrated with pomp and glory every year.
Uttsavamurti of this temple is in the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, USA.[2]
  • The Tiruchengottuvelavar shrine (to Subramanyar) attracts a number of pilgrims.
  • Sambandar composed the Tiruneelakandapatikam here, to help rid fellow travellers of an affliction. Muthuswamy Dikshitar has sung of this shrine in Ardhanareeswaram in Kumudakriya.
  • Tiruchengode also has an Anjaneya swamy temple renovated three years before, Bathrakaliamman temple which had Kumbabishekam on 21-04-2010 and an Ayyappan temple which are very famous among the residents.

Sri Dhevi Bhudevi Sametha Sundhara Raja Perumal

  • The Sri Sundararaja Perumal Temple is located in the Kanakapatti village. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the form of Sundararajan, a synonym of love and beauty.

Kandaswami (Murugan) Temple

  • Kalippatti Kandaswami Temple

This Temple is located in Kalippatti, Thiruchengode Taluk,Namakkal DT.

Festivals

Tiruchengode's major Festival is the Sengottuvelavar Car Festival known as Vaigasi Visakam (Celebrated during the Tamil month of Vaikasi). The Festival is celebrated for 15 days, with separate cars carrying sengottuvelavar, arthanareeswarar and many small lords. This festival is very famous among the nearby surrounding towns and villages.

Three worship services are offered each day. The late night worship service (Artha Jaama Pooja) is considered to be of importance here. New moon days are also considered to be special. Moliapalli annamar swamy temple is located 15 km from thiruchengodu.

Transport

Tiruchengode is well connected by state as well as private buses from Chennai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Erode, Salem, Mallasamudram, Namakkal, Rasipuram, Karur, Sankagiri, Attur, Paramathi Velur, Komarapalayam, Bhavani, Edapadi, Bangalore, Hyderabad etc., The nearest railway station is Sankari durg (8 km) & Erode Cauvery RS (16 km) The nearest major Railway Junction Erode (23 km) and Salem (46 km) The nearest sub railway station for Anangur(4 km).

The nearest airport is at Salem (46 km), Coimbatore International Airport (120 km) & Tiruchirappalli International Airport (120 km)

Mobile and landline communications are well connected in tiruchengode having exchanges in Tiruchengode and Kootappalli.Mobile connection having 2G GSM services of all major networks.

Politics

Tiruchengode assembly constituency is part of Tiruchengode (Lok Sabha constituency). Recently, it has been included in the Namakkal Parliamentary constituency - from the 2009 elections onwards.[3]

See also

References

External links

  • About Tiruchengode Municipality
  • About Ardhanareeswarar Hill Temple
  • About Chenkottu Velavar Temple
  • About Tiruchengodu
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.