World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Turks in Austria

Article Id: WHEBN0014505663
Reproduction Date:

Title: Turks in Austria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Turks in Europe, Austria–Turkey relations, Turks in Germany, Austria, Ethnic groups in Austria
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Turks in Austria

Turks in Austria
Total population

185,592[1]

2.17% of Austria's population
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Religion
Predominantly Sunni Islam, minority Irreligious

Turks in Austria (German: Türken in Österreich; Turkish: Avusturya Türkleri) are people of Turkish ethnicity living in Austria who form the third largest ethnic group after Austrians, Croats, Serbs and Germans.

History

Turkish Citizens in Austria[2][3][4]
Year Population Year Population
1951 112 2000 126,995
1961 217 2001 127,226
1971 16,423 2002 127,018
1981 59,900 2003 122,931
1991 118,579 2004 116,882
1997 132,737 2005 113,635
1998 131,729 2006 108,808
1999 127,533 2007 109,716

Turkish people were recruited to Austria as Gastarbeiter (guest workers) for the construction and export industries following an agreement with the Turkish government in 1964. From 1973 the policy of encouraging guest workers ended and restrictive immigration laws were introduced, first with the 1975 Aliens Employment Act, setting quotas on work permits, and then the 1992 Residence Act, which set quotas for residency permits without the right to work. A more restrictive system was put in place in 1997 and further limits imposed in 2006.

Since the 1970s Turks living and working in Austria have focused on family reunification and on seeking Austrian citizenship, for which they need to have lived in Austria for 10 years.

Turkish day in Vienna, Austria (2009).

Population

According to the 2001 census, there was 183,445 Turkish nationals living in Austria. According to the Minority Rights Group International many of the Turks living in Austria have been naturalized and the full community is estimated to number between 200,000 and 300,000. Turks are the largest single immigrant group, the leading group seeking Austrian citizenship, and account for the majority of Muslims.[5]

Demographics

Turkish Citizens in Austria[6]
States of Austria 1971 1981 1991 2001
Austria 16,423 59,900 118,579 127,226
Burgenland 33 238 630 1,280
Carinthia 23 173 595 1,192
Lower Austria 3,479 10,125 18,129 19,911
Upper Austria 1,261 5,665 13,233 17,226
Salzburg 951 2,986 6,558 8,800
Styria 140 401 1,560 4,793
Tyrol 1,664 6,890 13,652 16,017
Vorarlberg 5,049 13,712 20,346 18,838
Vienna 3,823 19,710 43,876 39,119
The Yunus-Emre-Fountain is located in the Türkenschanzpark Währing. It is a present from the Republic of Turkey to Austria (1991)

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kommission für Migrations und Integrationsforschung der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften" (PDF). Statistik Austria. 2012. p. 27. 
  2. ^ Statistik Austria. "Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geschlecht 1951 bis 2001". Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  3. ^ Potz & Wieshaider 2004, 200.
  4. ^ Statistik Austria 2008, 21.
  5. ^ Minority Rights Group International. "Turks". Retrieved 2009-01-15. 
  6. ^ Matzka 2009, 3.

Bibliography

Further reading

External links

  • Austria signals policy changes for better relations with Turkey
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.