World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0039051620
Reproduction Date:

Title: Obikhod  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Russian liturgical music, Syrian chant, Christian music, List of Christian bands and artists by genre, List of Christian ska bands
Collection: Russian Liturgical Music
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Obikhod (Обиход церковного пения) is a collection of polyphonic Russian Orthodox liturgical chants forming a major tradition of Russian liturgical music which includes both liturgical texts and psalm settings.

The original Obikhod, the book of habits of the monastery of Volokolamsk was composed about 1575, among the subjects of the book were chants.The Obikhod was originally monodic but later developed polyphony. The Obikhod became the first music printed in Russia, in Moscow, in 1772. The common version was heavily revised and standardized by Rimsky Korsakov leading to the 1909 edition of the Obikhod, the last before the Revolution.

The Obikhod style, and the 1909 edition, became dominant during the 20th Century displacing both Russian styles such as the Ruthenian Carpatho-Russia.[1]

The Obikhod chants are utilised in Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's Russian Easter Festival Overture, in Anatoly Lyadov's Ten Arrangements from Obikhod Op.61, and in Alexander Raskatov's Obikhod (2002).

The pitch set used in these chants traditionally consists of four three-note groups. Each note within a group is separated by a whole tone, and each group is separated by a semitone. If starting from G, the result is: G, A, B / C, D, E / F, G, A / B♭, C, D. Theoretically, more groups can be added either above or below, which has been done by some 20th century Russian composers. This pitch set has influenced Russian folk music as well: for example, the Livenka accordion contains the pitch set on its melody side.


  1. ^ John Anthony McGuckin The Encyclopedia of Eastern Orthodox Christianity 2010 p406 "During the Soviet period, Russian obikhod-style choral polyphony all but eradicated the received chant traditions of Georgia, Armenia, and Carpatho-Russia, but currently there is a trend to revive the Znamenny, Iberian, and Ruthenian chant ..."
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.