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Cost Methodology Report for Beef and Dairy Animal Feeding Operations

By Environmental Protection Agency

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Book Id: WPLBN0000076146
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2007

Title: Cost Methodology Report for Beef and Dairy Animal Feeding Operations  
Author: Environmental Protection Agency
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Ecology, Natural resource issues, Environemtal protection
Collections: Environmental Awareness Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Agency, E. P. (n.d.). Cost Methodology Report for Beef and Dairy Animal Feeding Operations. Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.org/


Description
Excerpt: ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND DISCLAIMER: This report has been reviewed and approved for publication by the Engineering and Analysis Division, Office of Science and Technology. This report was prepared by Eastern Research Group, Inc., under the direction and review of Paul Shriner at the Office of Science and Technology. Neither the United States government nor any of its employees, contractors, subcontractors, or other employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for any third party’s use of, or the results of such use of, any information, apparatus, product, or process discussed in this report, or represents that its use by such a third party would not infringe on privately owned rights.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1.1 Regulatory Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1.2 Model Farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 1.3 Organization of Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23 2.0 COST MODEL STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 2.1 Technology Cost Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 2.2 Frequency Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 2.3 Output Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9 3.0 INPUT DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3.1 Wastewater Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3.2 Manure Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7 3.3 Runoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10 4.0 COST MODULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 4.1 Earthen Settling Basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 4.2 Concrete Gravity Settling Basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12 4.3 Ponds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20 4.4 Lagoons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32 4.5 Underpit Storage Barns and Confined Manure Storage for New Dairy Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-45 4.6 Berms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-55 4.7 Anaerobic Digestion with Energy Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-61 4.8 Concrete Pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-68 4.9 Groundwater Wells/Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-79 4.10 Composting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-82 4.11 Surface Water Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-90 4.12 Nutrient-Based Land Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-93 4.13 Nutrient Management Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-108 4.14 Center Pivot Irrigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-119 4.15 Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-124 5.0 FARM -WEIGHTING FACTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5.1 Farm Type Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5.2 Manure Application Basis Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5.3 Category Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3 6.0 TRANSPORTATION COST TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1 6.1 Purpose of the Cost Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1 6.2 Cost Test Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2

 

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