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Simulating Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Environments: by Michael Alan Freed

By Freed, Michael Alan

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Book Id: WPLBN0000659724
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.23 MB
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Title: Simulating Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Environments: by Michael Alan Freed  
Author: Freed, Michael Alan
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (U.S.), NASA reference publication
Collections: NASA Publication Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Publication

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Alan, F. M. (n.d.). Simulating Human Performance in Complex, Dynamic Environments. Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.org/


Excerpt
Chapter 1: Simulation in Design; Modeling human performance. Computer simulation has come to play an increasingly central role in the design of many different kinds of devices and systems. For some automobile engines, airplane wings, and electronic circuits, for example simulation has long been an integral part of the design engineering process. By allowing engineers to evaluate designs at an early stage in this process, simulation postpones the need for a physical prototype; engineering costs decrease in numerous ways, resulting in improved reliability, greater innovation, faster development time, and lower overall cost of development...

Table of Contents
Contents 1 Simulation in Design..............................................................................................1 1.1 Modeling human performance ..........................................................................1 1.2 Predicting operator error ...................................................................................2 1.3 Everyday knowledge about human performance ...............................................4 1.4 Acting in demanding task environments............................................................7 1.4.1 GOMS ........................................................................................................9 1.4.2 Coping with uncertainty.............................................................................11 1.4.3 Coping with limited resources...................................................................14 1.4.4 Managing multiple, periodic tasks.............................................................17 1.5 APEX .............................................................................................................20 1.6 Dissertation outline .........................................................................................23 2 Using APEX ........................................................................................................25 2.1 Iterative design ...............................................................................................25 2.2 Example scenario............................................................................................28 2.3 Constructing a simulated world .......................................................................31 2.3.1 Air traffic control ? a brief overview.........................................................32 2.3.2 The ATC simulator: defining an airspace ..................................................34 2.3.3 The ATC simulator: controller tasks .........................................................35 2.4 Task analysis ..................................................................................................37 2.4.1 An expressive language for task analyses..................................................37 2.4.2 Approximating the outcome of adaptive learning ......................................39 2.5 Scenario development .....................................................................................41 2.6 Running the Simulation...................................................................................42

 

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