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Guidelines for Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act and Related Environmental Review Statutes for the Development of Commercial Space Launch Sites

By Federal Aviation Administration


Excerpt
Excerpt: 49 U.S.C. Subtitle IX, ch. 701, the Commercial Space Launch Act of 1984, recodified at Commercial Space Launch Activities, 49 U.S.C. 70101 et seq., (formerly referred to herein as the CSLA or the Act), [implemented by the Commercial Space Transportation Licensing Regulations, 14 C.F.R. Ch. III], authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to license, oversee and coordinate the operation of commercial launch sites in the United States or those operated by U.S. citizens abroad. The CSLA was enacted to encourage, facilitate and promote the establishment of a competitive United States commercial space transportation industry. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is charged with ensuring the protection of public health and safety, the safety of property, national security interests, and foreign policy interests of the United States through its licensing process. This authority is exercised through the Department's Office of Commercial Space Transportation (OCST).

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii 1.0 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2.0 PURPOSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3.0 NEPA PROCESS AND DOCUMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.1 Early Application of NEPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.2 Categorical Exclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.3 Environmental Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.4 Finding of No Significant Impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.5 Environmental Impact Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.5.1 Treatment of Proposed Action and Alternatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.5.2 Affected Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.5.3 Environmental Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.5.4 Mitigation Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.6 Record of Decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.7 Scoping Process: Notice of Intent/Public Involvement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.8 Notice of Availability (and Public Hearing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.9 Public Hearing Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.10 NEPA Document Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.11 Supplements to Draft EISs or Final EISs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.0 Sources for Further Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 APPENDIX A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 APPENDIX B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 APPENDIX C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 APPENDIX D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 APPENDIX E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 BIOTA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 AIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 WATER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 GEOLOGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 CULTURAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 LAND USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 TRANSPORTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 NOISE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 WASTE MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 EMERGENCY PLANNING & COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW (EPCRA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

 

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