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First Book in Hawaiian

By Marc Atcherly

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Book Id: WPLBN0002096783
Format Type: Default
File Size: 2 MB
Reproduction Date: 5/18/2011

Title: First Book in Hawaiian  
Author: Marc Atcherly
Language: Hawaiian
Subject: Non Fiction, Education, Hawaiian Language Education
Collections: Education, Authors Community, Sociolinguistics, Finance, Language, Literature, Economy
Publication Date:
Publisher: Aatcherley, Mary H.
Member Page: Hale Kuamoʻo Hawaiian Language Center


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Atcherly, M. (1930). First Book in Hawaiian. Retrieved from

The Legislature of the Territory of Hawaii in the session of 1923 passed Act 243, entitled “an act to provide for the preparation and publication of a school text book in the Hawaiian language. ” In pursuance of this act, Governor Lawrence M. Judd arranged with the Hawaiian Board of Missions for the publication of the manuscript which had been prepared by Mrs. Mary H. Atcherley. Other docuíments had been submitted, but it was felt that Mrs. Atcherley’s contribution was better fitted for the purpose than similar studies. It is intended that this First Book in Hawaiian shall be used in the junior high schools and high schools throughout the Territory, but it is hoped that other schools will make use of this material in acquiring a knowledge of the Hawaiian language. Grateful acknowledgment is hereby made not only of the material submitted by Mrs. Atcherley but also suggestions from a similar work by Messrs. John Wise and F. E. Midkiff, of the Kamehameha Schools, and the work of the late Professor W. D. Alexander entitled, “A Short Synopsis of the Most Essential Points in Hawaiian Grammar. ”

Language is used to express ideas. A Sentence is the full expression of a single idea. A Language is learned by memorizing a number of Sentences and acquiring a vocabulary of some hundreds of words. Now, since a Sentence is composed of words, and words are “parts off speech,” and their proper arrangement constitutes a Sentence, Grammar must be included in any complete System of Instruction. Consequently, the plan here adopted is the simultaneous teaching of Words, Sentences, and Grammar. The Grammar also serves as an adequate guide to the kind of Sentence most suitable to each lesson. Seeing that the mere relative position of words in a sentence may alter its meaning without any change in the words themselves, Grammar becomes a very necessary part of the System. Vocabulary No one can hope to learn language without acquiring a proper vocabulary of words. The fewer inflections in a language, the smaller the vocabulary necessary. After the first lesson, the selection of words for the Vocabularies and Sentences has been confined to those Nouns, Verbs, and Adjectives in common, everyday use. As to the Prepositions, Pronouns, Adverbs, Particles, Tense Signs, etc., these most is memorized in their entirety became of their continued recurrence. As regards the question of putting all words used in the examples of a lesson into the vocabulary of that lesson; many of these words are the oft-repeated Prepositions, pronouns, Tense Signs, Particles, Conjunctions, and Adverbs. These are always recurring and are given in separate vocabularies, so that the words proper to the lessons are thus reduced to Nouns, Verbs, and Adjectives. As to the use of words: the best way to gain an early knowledge of the tense signs and directives. Is to learn the Conjugation of the, Verb, and a similar knowledge of prepositions may be acquired from the memorizing of the Declensions of the personal Pronoun. The Vocabulary of each lesson has been constructed to include five new Verbs, tea new Nouns, and three new Adjectives.

Table of Contents
Lesson 1 - The Alphabet. Pronunciation. Gutteral Break: it alters the meaning. Examples of Vowels forming words -- 7-19 -- Lesson 1 - The Article. Definite and Indefinite. Examples. Syntax -- 20-21 -- Lesson 3 - The Adjective. Classification. Comparison. Adjective as a Noun, and the Noun as an Adjective. Participles -- 22-23 -- Lesson 4 -The Noun, Gender, Number, Case. Declension. Syntax -- 23-26 -- Lesson 5 - The Personal Pronoun. Table of. Declension -- 27-31 -- Lesson 6 - Demonstrative, Interrogative, and Indefinite Pronouns, and Adjective Pronouns -- 31-32 -- Lesson 7 - Words and Sentences referring to Lesson 6 -- 33-34 -- Lesson 8 - Prepositions. List of common forms. Nouns taking “a” before them. Use of “ko”, “ka”. Use of “no”, “na” -- 34-36 -- Lesson 9 - Prepositions continued. Uses of “i”, “ia”, “io”. Uses of “ma”, “mat”, “me”, and “e” -- 37-39 -- Lesson 10 - Compound Preposition-Adverbs. List of. Meaning of -- 39-40 -- Lesson 11 - The Verb. Classification. Verbal Directives. Mood and Tense. Verbal Adjuncts. Conjugation -- 41-46 -- Lesson 12 - Use of Tense Signs. The particles “ana” and “no”. More Particles. Causative form of verb. The relative particle “at” -- 46-49 -- Lesson 13 - The Verb “to be”. Seven ways of expressing it. The verb “to have”. The Object. The Infinitive. Simple Rule for expressing the Verb “to be” -- 50-53 -- Lesson 14 - Adverbs. List of Interrogative Adverbs. List of common Adverbs in daily use. Examples of -- 54-56 -- Lesson 15 - Conjunctions, List of those in common use. Examples. Interjections, List of those commonly used -- 56-58 -- Lesson 16 - The Verb as a Noun. As an Adjective. The Predicate Noun. Possessive Construction. The use of “na” -- 59-62 -- Lesson 17 - Interrogative Sentences. Direct and Indirect: Part 1 - Interrogative Adjectives, Nouns and Pronouns. Relative Clauses. The Relative Pronoun, the Particle “ai”, and Possessive Construction -- 63-65 -- Part 2 - Vocabulary and Sentences -- 66-68 -- Lesson 18 - Subordinate Adverbial Clauses. Use of “kahi” and “wahi”. Adverbial Clauses of Time. The expression of “when” and “while” -- 69-72 -- Lesson 19 - Clauses of Motive and Purpose. “Lest” and “in order that”. Clauses of Comparison. Clauses of Causes and Reason?“because”. Conditional Clauses?“if” -- 72-75 -- Lesson 20 - Tables, Words, and Sentences. Months of Year. Days of Week. The Numerals. Extra Vocabulary -- 76-94 --


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