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Water Masses and Zonal Current in the Western Tropical Atlantic in October 2007 and January 2008 (Amandes Project) : Volume 7, Issue 6 (30/11/2010)

By Silva, A. C.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003972701
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 24
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Water Masses and Zonal Current in the Western Tropical Atlantic in October 2007 and January 2008 (Amandes Project) : Volume 7, Issue 6 (30/11/2010)  
Author: Silva, A. C.
Volume: Vol. 7, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Grelet, J., Hamelin, B., Grenier, M., Silva, A. C., Roubaud, F., Lyard, F.,...Jeandel, C. (2010). Water Masses and Zonal Current in the Western Tropical Atlantic in October 2007 and January 2008 (Amandes Project) : Volume 7, Issue 6 (30/11/2010). Retrieved from

Description: Laboratório de Oceanografia Física, Departamento de Oceanografia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Arquitetura s/n, 50740-550, Campus Universitário, Recife, PE, Brazil. The properties and circulation of water masses are examined using data collected from a hydrographic and Acoustic Doppler Current profiler in the Western Tropical Atlantic during two cruises of the GEOTRACES process study AMANDES (AMazon-ANDEans): AMANDES I (October–November 2007) and AMANDES II (January 2008). In the upper layer (from the sea surface to 150 m) means of vertical sections of velocity are showing the structure of the Current (NBC) and North Equatorial Countercurrent. In the lower layer (below 150 m) the subsurface velocity core of the North Brazil UnderCurrent, Western Boundary Undercurrent (WBUC) and northern branch of the South Equatorial Current (nSEC) could be observed. In October the WBUC flows southeastward with a velocity of about 0.3 m s−1. In the studied area during October 2007, the NBUC and nSEC are transporting South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) from the Southern Hemisphere whereas the WBUC transports North Atlantic Central Water (NACW) southeastward. In the deep layers, the North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) is composed of three components: the Upper North Atlantic Deep Water – UNADW (between 1310 and 1650 m), the Middle North Atlantic Deep Water (between 1930 and 2400 m), the Lower North Atlantic Deep Water (centered around 3430 m).

Off Guyana, the Antartic Intermediate Water (AAIW) changes of composition between October 2007 (45.2% ACW, 32.2% AAIWsource and 22.6% UNADW) and January 2008 (62.4% ACW, 23.5% AAIWsource and 14.1% UNADW).

These intermediate waters are significantly warmer, less oxygenated and saltier than their southern source, reflecting both oxygen consumption and mixing with the Atlantic Central Water (ACW) and the Upper North Atlantic Deep Water during their northward transit.

Water masses and zonal current in the Western Tropical Atlantic in October 2007 and January 2008 (AMANDES project)

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