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Technical Note: Minerals in Dust Productive Soils – Impacts and Global Distribution : Volume 11, Issue 9 (20/09/2011)

By Nickovic, S.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003995625
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 26
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Technical Note: Minerals in Dust Productive Soils – Impacts and Global Distribution : Volume 11, Issue 9 (20/09/2011)  
Author: Nickovic, S.
Volume: Vol. 11, Issue 9
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Djurdjevic, V., Vujadinovic, M., Pejanovic, G., Nickovic, S., & Vukovic, A. (2011). Technical Note: Minerals in Dust Productive Soils – Impacts and Global Distribution : Volume 11, Issue 9 (20/09/2011). Retrieved from http://worldlibrary.org/


Description
Description: World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Dust storms and associated mineral aerosol transport are mainly driven by meso and synoptic scale atmospheric processes. It is therefore essential that the dust aerosol process and background atmospheric conditions that drive the dust emission and atmospheric transport be represented with sufficiently well resolved spatial and temporal features. Effects of airborne dust interactions with the environment are determent by the mineral composition of dust particles. Fractions of various minerals in the aerosol are determined by the mineral composition of arid soils, therefore high-resolution specification of mineral and physical properties of dust sources is needed as well.

Most current dust atmospheric models simulate/predict the evolution of dust concentration but in most cases they do not consider fractions of minerals in dust. Accumulated knowledge on impacts of mineral composition in dust on weather and climate processes emphasizes the importance of considering minerals in modelling systems. Following such needs, in this study we developed a global dataset on mineral composition of potentially dust productive soils. In our study (a) we mapped mineral data into a high-resolution 30-s grid, (b) we included mineral carrying soil types in dust productive regions that were not considered in previous studies, and (c) included phosphorus having in mind their importance for terrestrial and marine nutrition processes.


Summary
Technical Note: Minerals in dust productive soils – impacts and global distribution

Excerpt
Mahowald, N. M., Engelstaedter, S., Luo, C., Sealy, A., Artaxo, P., Benitez-Nelson, C., Bonnet, S., Chen, Y., Chuang, P. Y., Cohen, D. D., Dulac, F., Herut, B., Johansen, A. M., Kubilay, N., Losno, R., Maenhaut, W., Paytan, A., Prospero, J. M., Shank, L. M., and Siefert R. L.: Atmospheric Iron Deposition: Global Distribution, Variability and Human Perturbations, Annu. Rev. Marine Sci., 1, 245–278, doi:10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163727, 2009.; Mahowald, N. M., Kloster, S., Engelstaedter, S., Moore, J. K., Mukhopadhyay, S., McConnell, J. R., Albani, S., Doney, S. C., Bhattacharya, A., Curran, M. A. J., Flanner, M. G., Hoffman, F. M., Lawrence, D. M., Lindsay, K., Mayewski, P. A., Neff, J., Rothenberg, D., Thomas, E., Thornton, P. E., and Zender, C. S.: Observed 20th century desert dust variability: impact on climate and biogeochemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10875–10893, doi:10.5194/acp-10-10875-2010, 2010.; Menut, L., Foret, G., and Bergametti, G.: Sen-sitivity of mineral dust concentrations to the model size distribution accuracy, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10210 , doi:10.1029/2006JD007766, 2007.; Middleton, N., Yiallouros, P., Kleanthous, S., Kolokotroni, O., Schwartz, J., Dockery, D. W., Demokritou, P., and Koutrakis, P.: A 10 yr time-series analysis of respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity in Nicosia, Cyprus: the effect of short-term changes in air pollution and dust storms, Environ. Health, 7, 39, 1-16, doi:10.1186/1476-069X-7-39, 2008.; Nickovic, S.: Modelling of dust process for the Saharan and Mediterranean area, in: The impact of African dust across the Mediterranean, edited by: Guerzoni, S. and Chester, R., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 15–23, 1996.; Nickovic, S. and Dobricic, S.: A model for long-range transport of desert dust, Mon. Weather Rev., 124, 2537–2544, 1996.; Nickovic, S.: Dust Aerosol Modeling: Step Toward Integrated Environmental Forecasting, Eos. Trans. AGU, 83, Fall Meet., A71E–04, 2002.; Nickovic, S.: Interactive Radiation-Dust Model: A Step to Further Improve Weather Forecasts (invited presentation), International Symposium on Sand and Dust Storm, Beijing, China, 12–14 September, 2004.; Nickovic, S. and Barrie, L.: Desert dust impacts on environment: International research cooperation and review of some modelling aspects, International Workshop on Atmospheric Composition Changes: Climate-Chemistry Interactions, Lecce, 2–4 November, 2009.; Nickovic, S., Kallos, G., Papadopoulos, A., and Kakaliagou, O.: A model for prediction of desert dust cycle in the atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 18113–18129, 2011.; Okin, G. S., Mahowald, N., Chadwick, O. A., and Artaxo, P.: Impact of desert dust on the biogeochemistry of phosphorus in terrestrial ecosystems, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 18, GB2005, doi:10.1029/2003GB002145, 2004.; Okin, G. S., Baker, A. R., Tegen, I., Mahowald, N. M., Dentener, F. J., Duce, R. A., Galloway, J. N., Hunter, K., Kanakidou, M., Kubilay, N., Prospero, J. M., Sarin, M., Surapipith, V., Uematsu, M., and Zhu, T.: Impacts of atmospheric nutrient deposition on marine productivity: Roles of nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 25, GB2022, doi:10.1029/2010GB003858, 2011.; Olson, J. S.: Global ecosystem framework-definitions: USGS EROS Data Center Internal Report, Sioux Falls, SD, 37, 1994a.; Olson, J. S.: Global ecosystem framework-translation strategy: USGS EROS Data Center Internal Report, Sioux Falls, SD, 39, 1994b.; Pérez, C., Nickovic, S., Pejanovic, G., Baldasano, J. M., and Özsoy, E.: Interactive dust-radiation modeling: A step to improve weather forecasts, J.

 

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