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Exploring the Possibilities for the Emergence of a Single and Global Native Language

By Dufour, Fritz, Linguist, MBA, DESS

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Book Id: WPLBN0100002554
Format Type: PDF (eBook)
File Size: 6.44 MB.
Reproduction Date: 11/09/2017

Title: Exploring the Possibilities for the Emergence of a Single and Global Native Language  
Author: Dufour, Fritz, Linguist, MBA, DESS
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Social Sciences, Linguistics
Collections: Authors Community, Education
Historic
Publication Date:
2017
Publisher: Self
Member Page: Fritz Dufour

Description
This book is a look into the possibilities for the emergence of a single and universal native language by taking into consideration the common denominator that characterizes all spoken languages: sounds. This book describes the acquisition of language in terms of speech, its use, and its development or evolution. The hypothesis of a monolingual world is supported by strong arguments, facts, and theories. This is both a descriptive and a prescriptive approach in the sens that not only Mr. Dufour portrays the current linguistic status quo as it is, but also, he prescribes a way to go about making our planet monolingual through a detailed awareness campaign plan and practical views likely to help us achieve that goal if followed properly. His approach is a novel one and is commendable. This is a reference book, definitely one to read, whether you're a linguist or not.

Summary
This book is the culmination of extensive research in linguistics, a field unknown by most people although all of us speak at least one language. It is essentially a hypothesis, but one that is based on facts, studies, and theories. In it, I explored in detail the mechanism and the dynamism of language through its acquisition and its use, and the evolution of spoken language. Also, are presented the steps that can be taken to achieve a monolingual world. But, considering that everything comes with ups and downs, I also talk about the potential barriers that such an undertaking might encounter, for example, culture and illiteracy. I showed how we can eventually achieve monolingualism by making practical recommendations such as by focusing on children, global literacy, technology, etc. An interesting tool included in this book is an international linguistic awareness campaign plan which can be followed now and by generations to come. I reckon that a global native language would have its limits and would not be a panacea to major global security threats. I listed, at the end of my discussion, some of those of threats, such as unstable governments, organized crime and violence, human trafficking, and so on. Those are either political, environmental, or ethical issues and are way beyond linguistics’ realm. Thanks to the arguments, tools and evidence that I have presented, the current global linguistic reverse trend can be understood by the person with no language training, which is important because the target audience or those who will guarantee the expansion of the new language will not necessarily be linguists, but certainly people from all walks of life.

Excerpt
Language is a beautiful thing. It unites us in our differences. It is one of the most amazing features of human beings. It gives us the ability to communicate complex thoughts, emotions, and intent. That ability is written in our DNA. Humans have an innate predisposition to learn languages. Despite this biological predisposition, language had to first evolve. It took our species by surprise. It was sort of a Eureka moment, an epiphany when the first Homo Sapiens discovered he could communicate using his vocal apparatus…Today, with globalization, the need to communicate quickly and efficiently has never been greater. Nations still take pride in their languages, but some people wish, openly or in their inner selves, there could be a universal or global language spoken by all human beings so that no important part of their messages be lost because of miscommunication or translation itself…Considering the diversity of cultures, the differences between industrialized and emerging economies, which, of course, define the influence of nations on the international scene, is it possible that the potential universal language emerges as a result of these factors or from an international consensus, meaning the choice of a specific existing language or the construction of a new one? In the case of an existing language, could it be English, Spanish, or French? … Will the world’s monolingualism emerge effortlessly or naturally, or is it wishful thinking or a utopia? The goal of this book is to consider the issue by, first, analyzing the mechanism and the dynamism of language or speech as a means of communication. This type of analysis will focus on how language is acquired, used, and evolved to determine whether such processes are conducive to the birth of a brand new global language. Then, the book will look at the initiatives – active and passive – taken by both previous and current scholars and linguists alike in an attempt to universalize human language. Thirdly, it will consider the barriers to such initiatives and the fate of the current major spoken languages such as English, French, Spanish, and Chinese before making any recommendations. Finally, should a global native language emerge – spontaneously or artificially – will it have a significant cultural impact on the world population? What would its limits be?

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS i- Acknowledgements ………………………………………………………………………..4 I- INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………… 5 II- MECHANISM AND DYNAMISM OF LANGUAGE ………………….………….. 9 a. Language acquisition ………………………………...………………………….. 9 i. Definition of language and its basic properties ………………………….10 ii. Mechanical or physical aspect of language acquisition ………………... 11 iii. Psychological or cognitive aspect of language acquisition or psycholinguistics ……………………………………………..………… 20 • Alexander Luria’s contribution to psycholinguistics ………...… 22 • Noam Chomsky’s contribution to psycholinguistics ..……….… 25 • Narrative Ability Test (NAT) or Test of Narrative Language (TNL) ……………………………..……………………………. 27 b. Language use ………………………………………...………………………… 39 i. Characteristics of language use at the geolinguistic level …………..…. 40 • Phonetic and morphological use of languages or linguistic typology ……………………………...………………………… 41 • Geolinguistic distribution of languages or Language geography..51 c. Evolution of spoken language ………………………..………………………… 58 i- Specific views on evolution of spoken language …………...………….. 59 • Emergentism ……………………..…………………………….. 59 • Glossogenetics …………………………………………………. 60 • Lexical diffusion ……………………………………………….. 60 • Ding-dong theory ……………………...……………………….. 60 • Yo-ho-ho theory ………………...……………………………… 60 • État de langue or synchronic linguistics ……………………….. 60 • Diachronic linguistics or linguistic diachrony ………...……….. 60 ii- Broad views on evolution of spoken language ……………...…………. 61 • What is language evolution? …………………………………… 62 • Comparative or historical linguistics: an essential tool in the understanding of the dynamism of spoken languages ……….… 65 • How and why do spoken languages change? …………..………. 68 • Latin, the not-so-dead language …………...…………………… 71 • Latin’s death versus Greek’s survival ………………………….. 73 • The unavoidable fate of current spoken languages …………..… 76 • The development of linguistic ability by animals could be a catalyst for human linguistic unification ……………..………… 82 III- INITIATIVES AIMING AT THE WORLD’S LINGUSITIC UNIFICATION ….... 87 a. Active initiatives.……………………………………………………………….. 87 i. Translation of the Bible ……………………...………………………… 87 ii. Translation of the Qur’an………………………….…………………….88 iii. Port Royal Grammar or Grammaire générale et raisonnée ………….…. 89 iv. Esperanto ……………………………………………………………….. 90 v. Interlingua or Latino Sine Flexione and other artificial languages …..… 95 vi. Sign language ……………………………………………...…………… 97 vii. International Phonetics Association (IPA)…………………..………….101 viii. The Prague School of Linguistics ...……………………………………103 ix. Language planning or language engineering ……………….………… 104 x. Globalization and its linguistic advantages ……………..…………….. 106 b. Passive or spontaneous initiatives...…..……………………………………………107 i. Language change ……………………………...…………………………...107 ii. Language contact.………………………………….………………………111 iii. Universal language of science ………………………….………………….114 iv. Universality of language and genetics ……………...……………………..117 IV- BARRIERS TO THE WORLD’S LINGUISTIC UNIFICATION ………...………….122 a. Use of military power, imperialism, or wars ………………………………………122 b. Language regulation …………………………….…………………………………123 c. Culture: Cultural linguistics or ethnolinguistics …..……..………………………...133 d. Illiteracy…………………………………………………………………………….139 V- RECOMMENDATIONS …………………………………………...………………….142 a. Getting there fast but democratically, inclusively, and pluralistically...…...………142 b. Joint international linguistic awareness campaign…………………………………151 i. Reasons for the campaign..……………………………..………………….151 ii. Native language: definition(s) and characteristics ………………....……...161 iii. Countries and regions where monolingualism could solve ambiguities, diglossia, cultural, or political conflicts linked to multilingualism …..........165 iv. Linguistic awareness campaign plan and strategy, with linguistic questionnaire survey …………………………………..…………………...177 c. Make global literacy a priority.……………………….……………………………193 d. Children first ……………………………………………………………………….201 e. Implementation of a linguistic prescriptive approach – Following in “La Francophonie’s” footsteps could be beneficial ………..…………...………………208 f. Technology, networking, and interface enhancement.…………………..…………214 g. View the whole effort as an international social movement …………….………...217 VI- LIMITS OF A POTENTIAL UNIVERSAL NATIVE LANGUAGE.………..……….220 VII- CONCLUSION ………………………..……………………………………………….226 VIII- Bibliography …………………………………………………………………………...230

 

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